Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to the Coronavirus
As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Cedar Crest Hospital & Residential Treatment Center to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, on-site visitation is no longer allowed at Cedar Crest Hospital & Residential Treatment Center.

  • This restriction has been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • We are offering visitation through telehealth services so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services are being vetted and may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff has received infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance has been provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are being monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.
  • We are in communication with our local health department to receive important community-specific updates.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html

Causes, Symptoms & Effects of Alcohol Addiction

Cedar Crest Hospital & Residential Treatment Center helps individuals who are struggling with alcohol addiction find long-term recovery. Located in Belton, TX, Cedar Crest is the leader in mental health care.

Understanding Alcohol Addiction

Learn about alcohol addiction

Most people are able to have a drink or two without developing any problems. They’re able to have drinks with friends after a long day at work, and go home without suffering any adverse consequences. Other people, however, have developed a problem with drinking and their alcohol use has led to a number of problems in their lives. While it’s common to hear the terms “alcoholism” and “alcohol abuse” used interchangeably, these two terms have very different meanings. Alcohol abuse is a chronic, debilitating disease in which a person is unable to stop consuming alcohol despite the negative effects on their work, interpersonal life, education, or health. Alcoholism, the more severe of the two disorders, is a highly destructive pattern of alcohol usage that involves a physical tolerance and the presence of withdrawal symptoms if alcohol consumption is cut back or stopped.

Contrary to what some think, those who abuse alcohol or have developed alcoholism are not drinking because they lack self-control or are weak. Alcoholism, alcohol abuse, and addiction are diseases that one cannot simply walk away from, even if they seriously want to stop drinking. However, with proper treatment, detox, medication, and therapies, those who struggle with alcohol abuse or alcoholism are able to successfully overcome their addiction and lead happy, healthy, sober lives.

Statistics

Alcohol addiction statistics

In the U.S., alcohol abuse and alcoholism affects about 10% of women and 20% of men, most of whom begin using alcohol during their teen years. About 15 million people are affected by alcoholism or alcohol abuse. The mortality associated with alcohol abuse and alcoholism is astounding. Nearly 2,000 teens under the age of 21 will die in any given year as a result of alcohol use. In 2011, the number of alcohol-induced deaths (excluding homicide and accidents) was nearly 26,000 individuals. That very same year, nearly 16,000 people died as a result of alcohol-induced liver disease.

Causes and Risk Factors

Causes and risk factors for alcohol addiction

Researchers tend to agree that addiction to alcohol and drugs is not a disease caused by a single cause or factor, but rather by a number of different factors working together. Some of the most common causes and risk factors related to addiction and alcoholism include:

Genetic: People who have first-degree relatives who struggle with addiction are at a higher risk for developing an addiction themselves. However, not all who end up engaging in problematic drinking have a family history of addiction.

Physical: The process of becoming addicted to – and dependent upon – alcohol occurs slowly. Chronic alcohol consumption can change the normal balance of chemicals and nerve pathways in the brain associated with pleasurable sensations, judgment, and the ability to exert control over behaviors.

Environmental: People raised in an environment in which addiction is the norm or where drugs or alcohol are used to cope with life stressors are more likely to develop a problem with addiction. Additionally, people who begin drinking at an early age are at increased risk of developing addiction later in life.

Risk Factors:

  • Having a partner or close friend who drinks regularly
  • Presence of depression and other mental health disorders
  • Steady drinking over time on a regular basis can produce a physical dependence upon alcohol

Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of alcohol addiction

The symptoms of alcoholism and alcohol abuse are different from one person to the next and depend upon individual genetic makeup, amount of alcohol used, frequency of use, and presence of other drugs. Some of the most common symptoms of alcohol use and abuse include:

Behavioral symptoms:

  • Drinking alone
  • Inability to limit the amount consumed
  • Cravings for drinking
  • Loss of pleasure in previously-enjoyed activities
  • Unusually passive
  • Drinking with the intention of getting drunk
  • Hiding alcohol in odd places around the house
  • Becoming irritated when unable to obtain alcohol
  • Violence and aggression
  • Risk-taking behaviors
  • Heightened libido

Physical symptoms:

  • Smell of alcohol on breath or skin
  • Vomiting
  • Flushed skin
  • Bloodshot eyes
  • Deterioration in physical appearance
  • Poor hygiene
  • Impaired coordination
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Slurred speech
  • Increased urination
  • Sleepiness
  • Passing out

Cognitive symptoms:

  • Hallucinations
  • Delusions
  • Psychosis
  • Decreased attention span
  • Memory loss
  • Challenges with cogitation
  • Slower brain activity

Psychosocial symptoms:

  • Low self-esteem
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Agitation
  • Irritability
  • Altered emotions

Effects

Effects of alcohol addiction

The effects of alcoholism and alcohol abuse depend upon a number of different factors, including individual characteristics, amount used, length of abuse, presence of other drugs or alcohol, and the frequency of use. The most common effects of chronic alcohol use and alcoholism include:

  • Strained personal relationships
  • Loss of employment
  • Financial problems
  • Consequences of risky behaviors
  • Car accidents
  • Legal problems
  • Bone loss
  • Stroke
  • Amnesia
  • Cirrhosis of the liver
  • Alcoholic hepatitis
  • Increased involvement in violent crimes
  • Domestic abuse
  • Child abuse
  • Divorce
  • Incarceration
  • Hypertension
  • Cardiac arrhythmias
  • Increased risks for cancer
  • Weakened immune system
  • Impotence
  • Irregular menses
  • Thymine deficiencies
  • Dementia and confusion
  • Acute pancreatitis
  • Suicide
  • Coma
  • Death

Overdose & Withdrawal Effects

Effects of alcohol overdose & withdrawal

Withdrawing from alcohol can be very dangerous and should always be done under the careful supervisions of a trained medical personnel to prevent complications. While the symptoms of withdrawal are usually unpleasant, if not properly managed, symptoms can quickly become life-threatening. Common symptoms of alcohol withdrawal begin within 12 to 24 hours after the last drink and may include:

  • Mild anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Sweating
  • Shaking
  • Confusion
  • Fever
  • Irritability
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Headache
  • Hallucinations
  • Seizures
  • Delirium

Symptoms of alcohol overdose, also known as alcohol poisoning, are serious and need immediate medical attention as they can rather quickly result in death. The most common symptoms of alcohol poisoning include:

  • Confusion
  • Clammy skin or bluish tint
  • Dulled reflexes
  • Hyperthermia
  • Difficulty maintaining conscious
  • Unresponsive
  • Vomiting
  • Trouble with breathing
  • Slowed heart rate
  • Seizures
  • Coma
  • Death

Co-Occurring Disorders

Alcohol addiction and co-occurring disorders

Alcoholism and alcohol abuse do not normally occur without the presence of another mental health condition. The most common co-occurring disorders include:

  • Other substance abuse and addiction
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • ADHD
  • Borderline personality disorder
  • Conduct disorder
  • Schizophrenia
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Self-harm
  • Suicidal ideation

Take a Free Online Assessment

I let alcohol destroy and ruin my personal life. I'd had enough, so I went to Cedar Crest. Thanks to the caring and compassionate staff at Sunrise, I'm now sober!

– Anonymous Patient
Marks of Quality Care
  • Texas Hospital Association
  • The Joint Commission (JCAHO) Gold Seal of Approval
  • The Jason Foundation